Know Everything About Bermuda Grass
Everyone dreams of a beautiful lawn, and it is possible if you plant lush green grass. Many people prefer Bermuda grass because of its exceptional drought and heat tolerance. It is a unique species, which is commonly grown in the warm season. In comparison with other grass, it is quite sensitive to cold weather.
Due to climate requirements, the use of Bermuda is quite limited. But still, it is one of the leading choices for many people. Enhance the beauty of your lawn by choosing the right turfgrass. Get more information about Bermuda grass in this article and prepare yourself to plant it.
What is Bermuda Grass?
Let us start with the small introduction of Bermuda grass. It is a turfgrass commonly grown in the warm season. It can tolerate conditions like drought, heat, salinity, and foot traffic. The recovery process from any damage is relatively quick as compared to other grass. It grows well in the spring and summer seasons. You can plant it by laying sod or seeding. The blades are of fine texture with pointed tips, and it looks like a dense green grass carpet.
In winters, the green grass turns brown, and hence, it stays the same in the South location with no frost. It is perfect for growing in 7 to 10 zones of USDA plant hardiness. It is a leading choice for lawn decoration. You need direct sunlight and proper drainage for flourishing the shoots.
Types of Bermuda Grass
You need the best Bermuda grass seeds to grow this species. In every adult plant, there is a seed head, which consists of pollen grains. It is easy to disperse the grains by insects, water, wind, animals, or people walking on the grass. The leaf texture is of fine dark green color. It grows with a thick texture that helps in thriving, even it is experiencing high foot traffic.
It requires less maintenance than other varieties. In many public places, this type is preferred. You have to plant seeds in the ratio of 0.75 to 1.25 pounds in a 1000 sq. ft. area. Some of the common seeded species are Yuma, Blackjack, Princess Bermuda, Sahara, etc.
It is also known as a sterile vegetative hybrid, which is created with the mixture of the African and Common Bermuda. It produces green and thick grass patches like the seeded types. The leaves are narrow and disease-resistant due to genetic modification. It can also create seed heads without any seeds. This variety is produced with vegetative options like:
- Sods: It is a grass plantation in patches from an existing to the new area.
- Plugs: These are the seedlings that are grown in trays. After some time, it is transferred to specific bedding.
- Sprigging: These planting sections are called sprigs.
It is a seeded type of Bermuda grass, which produces deep green grass. You can plant in warm areas, and it can also tolerate winter seasons. If you want to decorate your lawn with a thick green layer of grass, then you must plant the Blackjack type. There is no worry about the temperature as it will remain the same throughout the year.
It is a small and thin-leave Bermuda grass with a tint of blue hues. The growing pattern is less dense and can be affected by many diseases. Undoubtedly, it gives a fantastic finish to your lawn, but it needs high maintenance. You can turn any ruined area into a gorgeous place.
It is perfect for planting in stadiums or playing grounds, where there is a need for fine grass. Due to the slight blue shade, it gives a fantastic look and feels to your garden. If you stay in any cold region, then you should avoid this type.
If you need medium grass thickness and growth intensity, then pick this type of Bermuda grass. It is commonly found in baseball fields. It gives perfect functionality and balance to players. There is less scope of injuries if anyone falls on it accidentally. The fancy finish makes your lawn quite stunning.
It is perfect for maintaining by expert and novice gardeners. Make sure that you get the right quality because it can vary as per the source. For example, if you plant the Georgian Jackpot, it is available in dull olive color and does not look appealing.
It is another seeded Bermuda grass type with deep emerald hues after complete growth. You can find this fine grass on golf courses. It comes with a high tolerance to sun exposure, and there is no need for frequent watering.
There is less need for pruning and mowing due to its growth. Yuma is also available as sod if you require fast growth. The leaves are of fine texture that helps people to get a lush green appearance on their lawn.
- Oasis Blend
This type is known for its growth, which is easy to care for as well. If you want to upgrade the look and feel of your lawn, prefer the Oasis blend. Within a short period, you will get the desired lush green grass. You can jump, walk or run on the field without any issue. It looks shiny and majestic even at the time of foot traffic. It is perfect for planting on playing grounds, stadiums, parks, etc.
- La Prima
It is an improved version of Bermuda grass produced with a mixture of Sahara turf and La Paloma. It is a hybrid variety with disease-resistant properties and great texture. You have to spend a handsome amount to plant this hybrid grass on your lawn. The speed of the growth is relatively swift. It requires low maintenance, and hence, many gardeners prefer it.
Suppose if you live in a hot place, where grass can burn due to high heat, prefer the Sahara Bermuda grass. Your lawn will remain green throughout the year without any risk of burning. As compared to other types, it is one of the affordable species. It is wear-resistant and perfect for children to play outdoors. If we talk about soil conditions, then there is no specific need, and hence, it can grow without any fertilizers.
- Triangle Blend
Get a healthy and lush green texture of medium leaf width in your lawn by planting Triangle blend. It is also tolerant to drought and cold conditions. Without periodic mowing, it can grow. But it is crucial to mow your garden once to the height of 1 to 2 inches.
- Princess 77
Many people misunderstand that it is a delicate and fragile type of Bermuda grass. But it is one of the royal species that you can plant in your garden. The structure of leaves is relatively narrow and thin. You can give a great touch-up to your lawn with this fine grass.
It is another high-quality turfgrass with deep green blades. It can tolerate the harsh winter season. But it will stop growing for some period till the temperature start increasing. But there is no scope for any damage in cold weather.
It is known as Mohawk because it is manufactured in the Mohawk valley of Arizona. You need soil with high salinity content to grow this grass. It will make your garden wonderful and a pretty place where you can spend a lot of time.
It is another seeded type with a high tolerance for cold weather. The leaves are deep green, and it extends in an upward direction. Your garden will look quite elegant after planting it. Garden experts prefer this grass to be planted in playgrounds, roadsides, etc. It is easy to take care of this species as it requires less maintenance. It can survive all the weather conditions, and it is perfect for your lawn.
When to Plant Bermuda Grass?
The perfect time for planting Bermuda grass is during the late spring. When the winter season ends, you should make the preparations to plant it. In extreme summers, the leaves will not grow, and hence, you have to complete the entire process before early summers. The best way to plant it is from seeds.
How to Do Preparation of Planting Bermuda Grass?
As we know that this turfgrass is perfect to grow in the warm season and should be planted in spring to early summer. Following are some preparations that you should do:
- Selection of Site: Choose a perfect site where you can plant Bermuda grass with direct sun and well-drained soil. The best place must lie in tropical and sub-tropical climate zones. There should be proper drainage for the development of healthy and mature turf.
- Testing the Soil: A soil test is necessary before planting the grass. You can apply the best fertilizer for Bermuda grass. Maintain the PH by adding lime to get a minimum of 6 PH.
- Preparation of Seedbed: Start preparing the seedbed by loosening the soil to a six-inch depth. Level the entire area to get the pulverized soil surface. Make sure that you should not add any herbicides during planting. Wait for 10 to 14 weeks after the seeding date. Mow the area frequently to manage the weeds.
- Right Temperature: You need to plant the seeds when the soil temperature is above 18°C. The perfect soil temperature for root growth and germination of Bermudagrass is between 24° to 27° C. If you are planting in high temperatures, then maintain the moisture. You can get the desired grass in 80 to 90 days of constant temperature.
- Quantity: There is an estimate through which you can plant seeds in your lawn. You have to use 2 to 3 pounds of seeds in a 1000 sq. ft. area. Keep the quantity in mind to grow the lush green grass without any difficulty.
- Depth: It is crucial to sow the seeds deep to 1/8 inches. It is a perfect depth for the proper growth of the grass. In this way, you can keep the birds away and controls the moisture. You have to cover the entire surface with a manure mixture.
- Moisture: Maintain the moisture at the beginning of the germination. Water the seeds frequently to get perfect growth. The seeds start germinating within the plantation week. Within 20 days, it will sprout, and in the next ten days, your lawn will be covered with grass.
How to Grow Bermuda Grass?
It is easy to grow Bermuda grass by using plugs, sprigs, sods, or seeds. You cannot plant the hybrid types by seeds. Consider following methods to grow Bermuda grass.
- By Sods: Before you lay seeds or sods, you need to water the soil. Keep the sod rectangles on moist and loosened soil. Do not keep the sod rectangles in a straight line. With the help of a yard roller, press the sod slightly to contact the adequate soil.
- By Plugs: If you want to grow Bermuda grass quickly, then keep the plugs closer. Get a long-term grass cover by spreading the grass plugs all over the surface.
- By Sprigs: It includes plant stolons, crowns, and underground rhizomes. Plant the grass deeply at 2 inches.
How to Get Rid of Weeds from Bermuda Grass?
Many people are concerned about weed attacks that happens commonly in Bermuda grass. Undoubtedly, it is quite challenging to control it because it grows and spreads quickly. There are many ways to get rid of weeds, like choking, solarizing, or using the best weed and feed. Let us consider those methods in detail:
Bermuda Grass Weed Killer: Use the best weed and feed to kill the Bermuda grass weeds quickly. It can manage the grassy weeds. Plenty of products available in the market, i.e., easy to apply. Make sure that you read the label before applying it because it can harm your delicate grass.
Solarization: It is the best treatment that one can do during the summer seasons. It requires direct sunlight in abundance and natural soil heat. The heat bakes the grass and kills Bermuda grass weeds. Check out the best method to do so:
- Mow and prepare the grass above the ground level. Now, you have to work on less growth.
- Put some plastic sheets on the overgrown spots of Bermuda grass.
- Secure loose perimeters by using heavy stones or metal sticks every few meters.
- Keep those plastic sheets for more than a month. The ultra-violet rays from the sun will fry out the invading Bermuda grass.
Cultivation: It is a perfect method that one can prefer during summer or if anyone lives in dry regions. The cultivation involves plowing the lawn soil up to six inches deep to remove Bermuda grass. All the underground roots reached the surface, and they dry out. You need to repeat the cultivation process to remove all the rhizomes and stolons in Bermuda grass.
Choking out Bermuda Grass Weeds: Mulching is the best method to choke the Bermuda grass. There are two methods to do such a thing like landscaping fabric, cardboard pieces, etc. Mulching helps in providing nutrients and moisture to wanted plants. To get rid of Bermuda grass naturally, go for the choking method. Consider these methods:
- Landscaping Fabric
- Consider the affected lawn area and spread the sheet of landscaping fabric over it.
- Make some holes to create space for the wanted grass species.
- Spread some sand, gravel, or mulch to put some weight on the landscaping fabric.
- Monitor all the edges to ensure that there is no spread of new Bermuda grass.
- Using Cardboard Pieces
It is another mulching technique in which you create barriers by using cardboard pieces. You will not provide sunlight to unwanted species. Consider this guide to setup a mulching cardboard sheet in your garden:
- Reduce the grass density with the help of a lawnmower.
- Cover a half-inch of the affected area with a compost layer to target the biological activity.
- Stack and flatten two cardboard boxes to make them two-layer thick.
- Cover the affected area with the stacked cardboard to provide Sod Staples.
- Wet all the cardboard pieces, and apply to the mulch of over three-inches on the affected area.
- Leave the area undisturbed for at least four months. It takes time to choke out.
Tips of Growing Bermuda Grass
- Make the area weed-free by loosening the soil and keep it for two to three weeks. When you observe the absence of weeds, then you can step ahead to plant the grass.
- Use pulverized soil by leveling the surface for at least 5 inches before sowing seeds.
- Make sure that you fertilize the soil in the morning. Water your lawn.
- Maintain the borders and irrigation system to establish the lush green grass properly.
- Sow seeds by using a drop spreader when you plant Bermuda grass.
- Do not mix various weed varieties because you may not get the expected results.
- Avoid overseeding to prevent any damage.
- Prevent plantation of this grass in the winter season because it cannot tolerate harsh and dry weather.
How to Prevent Spreading of Bermuda Grass?
Bermuda grass is also known as couch grass. It is loved by many gardeners and landscaping professionals. It is drought and wear-resistant, and this grass species is also considered animal fodder. If there is any weed in a yard, it can spread quickly.
Remove the unwanted grass by pulling out the grass by hand. But it can be a time-consuming process, and proper grass elimination is a lengthy process. There is a need for repeated application of methods with constant maintenance and monitoring.
Frequently Asked Question
Is Bermuda Grass Drought-Tolerant?
Yes, it is considered one of the drought-tolerant grasses. It stays green with a less water amount, i.e., 1 to 1-1/2 inches every week. It can withstand hot and dry weather conditions. The blades remain the same in long drought periods, and they can survive for at least four weeks. The root system of this grass grows deeper to manage dry conditions. There is a frequent need for watering to sandy soils.
In Which Soil Does It Grows Best?
If you want to grow Bermuda grass, then the soil must be slightly acidic, i.e., 6 to 7 PH. It can also tolerate mild alkaline soil. You must test the PH of the soil before planting it. The soil should be draining, and you need direct sunlight for the growth.
Is It Difficult to Care and Manage Bermuda Grass?
In comparison with other turfgrasses, Bermuda needs more attention. It can grow with a low mowing height of 1 to 2 inches. You have to fertilize and mow it twice a week. With speedy growth, there are chances of thatch buildup. Maintain your lawn by considering the requirement of water, air, and food. Maintain the lawn borders to prevent planting walkways and beds.
Many people get confused while choosing the best turfgrass for their lawn. If you live in warm regions, then you should prefer Bermuda grass. The garden owner must know the positive and negative sides of planting this species. After going through the detailed information, it will be easy to plant the seeds and maintain them thoroughly.
It is crucial to safeguard the lush green and shiny grass from weeds. One must use the best weed and feed fertilizer to prevent the damage. Different types of Bermuda grass are available in the market with different pros and cons. Prefer the one according to the region temperature, budget, maintenance, and other crucial factors.
It is easy to decorate your lawn with fantastic flower beds, lush green turfgrass, etc. It is a big responsibility to take care of your garden from seeding to watering it frequently. But the drought and heat tolerance of Bermuda grass are significant benefits that make it long-lasting and beautiful.
It is vital to spend money on the best Bermuda seeds, which require less maintenance and stays the same throughout the year. Apply the best fertilizer for Bermuda grass to keep it green, fresh, and shiny. Update yourself with complete information and decorate your garden perfectly.